incur

incur, contract, catch are comparable when they mean to bring upon oneself something unpleasant, onerous, or injurious.
Incur may or may not imply foreknowledge of what is to happen
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incur a debt

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incur criticism

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but it usually implies responsibility for the acts which bring about what is incurred
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he simply couldn't bring himself to incur the loss of face involved in admitting that he didn't know enough English— Durdin

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an environment containing all the classic elements for incurring mental fatigue— Armstrong

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Contract carries a stronger implication than incur of acquirement, but it is equally inexplicit in its lack of clear suggestion as to whether the acquisition derives from intention or accident
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had contracted con-siderable debts in granting loans to the king— Cruickshanks

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contract a disease

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contract bad habits

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But contract often distinctively implies a meeting between two things that permits either an interchange of qualities
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each from each contract new strength and light— Pope

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or a transmission of something from one to the other
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they say that sherry ought to live for a while in an old brandy cask, so as to contract a certain convincing quality from the cask's genial timbers— Montague

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Catch, the least literary and most ordinary of these terms, usually implies infection or something analogous to it
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catch a heavy cold

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religion, in point of fact, is seldom taught at all; it is caught, by contact with someone who has it— Inge

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Analogous words: *get, obtain, acquire
Contrasted words: *escape, elude, evade, avoid, shun, eschew: avert, ward, *prevent

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • incur — in·cur /in kər/ vt in·curred, in·cur·ring: to become liable or subject to: bring down upon oneself incur obligations incur expenses Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • incur — in‧cur [ɪnˈkɜː ǁ ˈkɜːr] verb incurred PTandPPX incurring PRESPARTX [transitive] FINANCE if you incur a cost, a debt, or a fine, you do something that means that you lose money or have to pay money: • The foundry has been operating at less than… …   Financial and business terms

  • Incur — In*cur , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Incurred}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Incurring}.] [L. incurrere to run into or toward; pref. in in + currere to run. See {Current}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To meet or fall in with, as something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • incur — [in kʉr′] vt. incurred, incurring [ME incurren < L incurrere, to run into or toward, attack < in , in, toward + currere, to run: see CURRENT] 1. to come into or acquire (something undesirable) [to incur a debt] 2. to become subject to… …   English World dictionary

  • Incur — In*cur , v. i. To pass; to enter. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Light is discerned by itself because by itself it incurs into the eye. South. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • incur — (v.) early 15c., from Anglo Fr. encurir, M.Fr. encourir, from L. incurrere run into or against, rush at, make an attack; figuratively, to befall, happen, occur to, from in upon (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + currere to run (see CURRENT (Cf. current)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • incur — meaning ‘to suffer or experience’, has inflected forms incurred, incurring …   Modern English usage

  • incur — [v] bring upon oneself acquire, arouse, be subjected to, bring down on*, catch, contract, draw, earn, expose oneself to, gain, get, induce, meet with, obtain, provoke; concept 93 …   New thesaurus

  • incur — ► VERB (incurred, incurring) ▪ become subject to (something unpleasant) as a result of one s actions. ORIGIN Latin incurrere run into or towards …   English terms dictionary

  • incur */ — UK [ɪnˈkɜː(r)] / US [ɪnˈkɜr] verb [transitive] Word forms incur : present tense I/you/we/they incur he/she/it incurs present participle incurring past tense incurred past participle incurred 1) to lose money, owe money, or have to pay money as a… …   English dictionary

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